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Discussion and Application of the Production and Processing of Aviation Titanium Alloy Fasteners(Part 2)

Views: 5     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2021-12-30      Origin: Site

Discussion and Application of the Production and Processing of Aviation Titanium Alloy Fasteners(Part 2)

2. Process know-how for processing titanium alloy fasteners

Use positive-angle geometry blades to reduce cutting force, cutting heat and workpiece deformation; keep the blade edge sharp, blunt tools are the cause of heat buildup and wear, and easily lead to tool failure.


Maintain a constant feed to avoid hardening of the workpiece. The tool must always be in the feed state during the cutting process. The radial tool engagement ae during milling should be 30% of the radius.


Using high-pressure and large-flow cutting fluid to ensure the thermal stability of the machining process and prevent surface degeneration and tool damage caused by excessive temperature.


It is possible to process the titanium alloy in the softest state, because the material becomes more difficult to process after hardening, and the heat treatment improves the strength of the material.


Use a large arc radius or chamfer to cut in, and put as much cutting edge as possible into the cutting. This can reduce the cutting force and heat at every point and prevent local damage. When milling titanium alloys, among the cutting parameters, the cutting speed has the greatest influence on the tool life vc, followed by the radial tool engagement (milling depth) ae.


3. Application in aviation


According to data, titanium alloy fasteners are widely used in aircraft.


Our country's domestically produced C919 aircraft needs about 200,000 pieces of titanium alloy fasteners, and 20 million pieces of titanium alloy fasteners are needed to complete the first batch of 100 start-up orders.


According to the plan to produce 150 large aircraft in 2018, 30 million titanium alloy fasteners will be needed every year. Titanium alloy fasteners have huge development potential, and the market development prospects are very promising.


In recent years, with the rapid development of my country's aerospace industry, the demand for aviation fasteners has increased sharply. In addition, the manufacturing of large aircraft in my country has made great progress. Although there is still a period of time before the first flight in 2014, the start-up order for 100 aircraft has been obtained at the air show at the end of 2010. These orders must be completed for titanium The demand for alloy fasteners is huge, and the market prospect of titanium alloy fasteners is very promising.


In order to ensure the continuous and safe flight of aerospace appliances, the requirements for titanium fasteners are extremely high. In particular, commercial aircraft will operate for 20 to 30 years after being put into operation, and will continue to fly continuously for more than ten hours a day. The requirements for fasteners are even higher than the standards for aerospace. Titanium alloy fasteners can meet the above requirements.


In addition, titanium alloy fasteners can greatly reduce the weight of the aircraft itself, not only can improve the performance of the aircraft, but also reduce the cost of use, Z is mainly to reduce fuel consumption.


Such excellent performance is bound to be widely used in aircraft manufacturing, and the main problem that currently plagues its development is titanium alloy materials.


The analysis of the machinery industry pointed out that my country is a large fastener manufacturer, and its output has ranked first in the world for many years, but my country is not a strong fastener manufacturer.


Most of the fasteners made in China are low-end and low-value-added products. The market share of high-end fasteners such as aviation fasteners is relatively low. The product types and specifications are very limited, and related technologies and production need to be improved.


The widespread use of titanium alloy materials in recent years is inseparable from the drive of innovation and the grand plan of the country.


As the cost of titanium alloy processing continues to drop, its application in aircraft structures will become more and more extensive in the future.


With the rapid development of my country's aviation industry and the continuous improvement of aircraft performance requirements, the future high-performance aviation fasteners put forward higher strength, higher fracture toughness, and higher fatigue performance requirements for their titanium alloy materials.


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